About Cappadocia “The land of beautiful horses”
Cappadocia was settled between 1800 and 1200 BC as the Hittite period. Then the Greeks, the Persians, the Byzantines …
The center became a religious refuge in the early days of Christianity. In the fourth century, Christians who escaped from the persecution of Rome had reached and founded the monastery communities. The priests excavated large dwellings and monasteries and created frescoed paintings in cave chapels and were now well preserved.
Cappadocia is located in the middle of Anatolia. The volcanic eruptions of Erciyes, Hasan and Güllü left a unique beauty. Wind, rain formed volcanic form extraordinary formations. While the landscape was eroded, basalt stones remained and conical structures, some of which reached up to 40 meters. Now Cappadocia is full of uniqual natural and cultural components.
People named these unique rock formations “Fairy Chimneys”. And people built rock carved houses, and built underground churches for centuries. Cappadocia offers visitors an natural wonders that exceed their imaginations. These wonders are elegantly graced with works created by the hand of people.
Cappadocia incorporates the provinces of Nevşehir, Aksaray, Kayseri, Niğde and Kırşehir.
World Heritage Site UNESCO / Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia. Nevşehir Province (Cappadocia) in Central Anatolia / Date of Inscription: 1985
How to go to Cappadocia?
Nevsehir Cappadocia Airport is 43 kilometers away. Kayseri Erkilet Airport is 75 kilometers away.
Transportation by road:
Istanbul 750 km. Ankara 300 km. Antalya 540 km. Izmir 775 km. Adana 340 km.
When to Visit Cappadocia:
Cappadocia is in the middle of Turkey. Each season has a distinct beauty. Individual and groups visit each day of the year.
Places to Visit in Cappadocia:
Kaymaklı Underground City, Derinkuyu Underground City, Goreme Open Air Museum
Uchisar Castle, Ortahisar Castle
Monks valley, Paşabağ Valley, Devrent Valley, Lovers Hill (Sunset), Dream Valley, Pigeon Valley, Rose Valley, Red valley (Sunrise), Ihlara Valley, Love Valley, Göreme Panorama, Zelve
There are over 400 churches in Cappadocia which is preserved still, a few of them:
Dark Church, Grape Church, Church with cross, St. Vasilios Church, Yılanlı church, St. Theodoros Trion Church, El Nazar Church, St. George Church, Church of the Buckle, Apple Church, Church of the Barbara, St. Basil Chapel,
Cappadocia Daily Trips:
Balloon tours, Whirling Dervishes, Grape Harvesting, Quad Safari, Horse Riding, Jeep safari
One of the oldest settlements in Anatolia located in southeastern Turkey. A history, a gastronomy city magical stop of historical Silk Road. Gaziantep, a city whose roots go back more than ten thousands years, that reflects the power of Mesopotamia.
Things to do Gaziantep
Gaziantep is one of the top destinations in Turkey has much offer in terms of culture and gastronomy visitors.
Tourist Attractions in Gaziantep
Standing at the crossroads of major north-south and east-west routes, Gaziantep is an important settlement.
Where to go in Gaziantep
Zeugma Mosaic Museum:
The Gypsy Girl, which is their most famous mosaic is very remarkable. The comparison to the Mona Lisa is accurate seeing the eyes and the expression on her face all created from stone is just so bewitching.
This is not a big castle but architecture is marvelous. It gives you a nice view of the city. There are on street local markets, mosques..
Walk around the stalls in “Bakircilar Carsisi” you’ll be awed by the way shopping transforms into a lovely experience. You will witness the copper masters do their craft of transforming anything copper into a handicraft and see the shoemakers create leather shoes. Take a lot of photos here too because they don’t mind.
Creative gastronomy city Unesco
The Pistachio Capital of Turkey.
Produce 100,000 tons of it every year.
Baklava, a rich sweet dessert pastry made of layers filled with chopped pistachio and sweetened and held together with syrup. The most delicious baklava produced here in Turkey. You must try it!
Sunken village and black rose. Halfeti is one of the most unusual sites in Turkey. The old town submerged into the water because of dam construction. A special black rose named “crying arabian girl” blossoms in Autumn and spring. The black roses, an extremely rare flower grown in the village of Halfeti near the historical Urfa province, presents a unique natural beauty. The flower growing in that region requires a certain pH level, and even though it blooms red, it turns to black as the summer season progresses.
Göbeklitepe in south-eastern Turkey, generally reckoned the most exciting and historically significant archaeological dig currently under way anywhere in the world. Massive carved stones about 11,000 years old, crafted and arranged by prehistoric people who had not yet developed metal tools or even pottery. The megaliths predate Stonehenge by some 6,000 years. The place is called Gobekli Tepe, and Schmidt, a German archaeologist who has been working here more than a decade, is convinced it’s the site of the world’s oldest temple. T-shaped pillars encircled by slightly smaller stones facing inward. The tallest pillars tower weigh between seven and ten tons. Some are blank while others are elaborately carved foxes, lions, scorpions and vultures abound twisting and crawling on the pillars broad sides.
UNESCO World Heritage List / Date of Inscription: 2018
Sıra Gecesi “Sıra Nights”
‘Sıra Nights’ used to be organized to support the friendship between people and over time it has become a tradition in the province. An event typically organized in Şanlıurfa that features a gathering of people eating and singing songs with traditional musical instruments. The guests sitting cross legged at a low sofra table and tucking into a banquet of speciality local dishes while being serenaded by a traditional band. The nights also helped people who lived in the same area to get to know each other. This is a significant characteristic of the diverse culture of Şanlıurfa, reflecting peace and tolerance.
The city of prophet Abraham. Shortened name Urfa, after Turkish War Independence awarded the title “Şanlı” (glorious).
Ancient city of Ur proudly exhibits the legacy of all the civilisations that have prospered in the region. Important attraction within the town is the carp filled fish pool (Balıklıgöl-Ainzelha) also believed to be the place where Nemrud threw Abraham into the fire. God changed the flames into water and the wood into fish to protect Abraham.
Şanlıurfa, with its wealth of biblical associations, is known as the “Jerusalem of Anatolia” and regarded as a holy site by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike.
Şanlıurfa Haleplibahçe Museum Complex
The delicate mosaics beside the Halil Ur Rahman pool lie the remains of the ancient Greek city of Edessa. There are in Haleplibahce the most significant colourful mosaics. First examples in the world of mosaics depicting Amazon warrior queens.
All the old city of Harran is situated in the heart of Antioch. First Islamic University is founded in Harran. The traditional civil architecture, mudbrick houses, conic roofs, are unique.
Mardin lies at the heart of homeland of Syriacs an ancient people established in Mesopotamia around 2200 BC.
Syriac is a Semitic language directly related to the native tongue of Jesus Christ, Aramaic.
While the Syriac population in Mardin dwindled due to emigration they are still very much present in the city, along with more or less all other regional cultures, including Turks, Kurds, and Arabs.
Mardin served as the capital of Turkic Artuqid dynasty between 12th and 15th centuries, which resulted in much of the Islamic heritage visible in the city today.
Mardin is a highly addictive and unmissable spot. Minarets emerge from a baked brown labyrinth of meandering lanes, a castle dominates the old city, and stone houses cascade down the hillside above the Mesopotamian plains.
Nemrut mount is one of the highest peaks of the Mesopotamia. It’s summit at 2200 meters contains the tomb of King 1.Antiochus of Commagene. There are gigantic statues of gods. Behind the statues the tomb chamber is waiting discovery.
The unique formed sanctuary statues stand on the east and west terrace of the tumulus.
The Secrets of the Sculptures on Nemrut
King I. Athiokhos was aimed to unite all cultures. He was supposed to have made sculptures that would bring together the gods of other cultures. The inscriptions on the excavations clearly state which gods the statues belong to King I.Antiochos, Fortuna Thyce, God Zeus, God Apollo and Heracles.
Also the statues of the guardian eagle and lion are located next to the statues of god.
UNESCO World Heritage List NEMRUT DAĞ
Date of Inscription: 1987
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